Summer vacation is coming, how to prevent common "high temperature diseases" and master these knowledge points.

  In the hot summer, many people can’t wait to hide in air-conditioned rooms.Strength rejects the "baptism" of sunshine and high temperature.Especially during the summer vacation, some parents worry about their children’s heatstroke, and simply keep the air conditioner on for fear that their children will get hot. Some parents have also heard that turning on the air conditioner will make the child suffer from "air conditioning disease", and as a result, the child will be covered in heat. Older children can’t be caged at home. How to do outdoor sun protection in such a hot day?

  The hot weather is wave after wave.Each family began to have its own troubles.Don’t worry! Master the following knowledge points,Keep children away from "high temperature disease",Spend a refreshing summer.

  01 prickly heat

  Rash is a skin disease caused by excessive sweating due to high temperature and humidity in the external environment, sweat is not easy to evaporate, and sweat tubes are blocked. Therefore,The hot spot of prickly heat is easy to sweat.Such as scalp, forehead, neck, chest, back and folds.

  Children are prone to sweat because of their vigorous metabolism and liveliness. If they are not dried in time, it will easily lead to sweat tube blockage and rash.

  At the beginning of the rash, the skin is red, and then there is a red papule the size of a needle, with redness around it, some of which are densely flaky, and some may have small pustules.The prickly heat sometimes causes itching, pain, and paroxysmal burning pain.

  If you itch here and dig there, you can’t play well during the day and sleep well at night. Both adults and children suffer. So, how can you fix this annoying prickly heat?

  Expert advice Fu Guili, director of dermatology department of Wuhan Children’s Hospital

  Reduce clothes:In the outpatient clinic, parents often wear short-sleeved children and long-sleeved coats, which not only can not reduce the occurrence of colds, but will increase skin problems. In fact, children’s metabolism is fast, and they are not as afraid of cold as expected. It is recommended to wear clothes reasonably according to the thickness of dad’s clothes, choose cotton clothes that absorb sweat and change sweaty clothes in time.

  Refrigeration:Keep the room ventilated and cool to reduce sweating and facilitate sweat evaporation. When the weather is hot, air conditioning is advocated, and the room temperature is controlled at 25 to 27 degrees Celsius, which is a more suitable environment for children and can reduce the occurrence of skin diseases such as prickly heat.

  Bath:Take a proper rest after sweating, take a bath in time, keep your skin clean and dry, and the bath water temperature is 36 to 38 degrees Celsius.

  Change clothes:When the baby is sweating, dry the sweat and change clothes in time to keep the skin clean and dry, so as not to cause sweat hole blockage.

  Generally speaking, when the environment is cool, prickly heat can heal itself quickly.If your child has severe prickly heat and has symptoms of infection, please go to the hospital immediately.

  02 "air conditioning disease"

  Some "big-hearted" parents turn on the air conditioner all day, but "air conditioning disease" comes again.

  This year’s "high temperature mode" has just begun, but according to the experience of previous years,In July and August after the summer vacation, the number of children with "air conditioning disease" will increase significantly.This is an upper respiratory infection, which belongs to a cold caused by air conditioning blowing for a long time. In addition to common respiratory infections such as cold, fever and sore throat, children with "air-conditioning disease" also have intestinal diseases such as loss of appetite and diarrhea.

  So, what behaviors will lead to "air conditioning disease"?

  Bacteria and viruses are active in summer, and some household air conditioners are turned on all day.There is little ventilation at home,If the air conditioner is not cleaned in time, children with dirty air and poor resistance will be easily infected by viruses and bacteria; The air conditioning temperature is too low,Children repeatedly go in and out of rooms with large temperature differences,It is also prone to colds; In summer, children’s intestinal function decreases, their appetite is poor, they eat too much cold drinks, and their resistance decreases, so their intestines and stomach are prone to illness.

  Expert advice Wang Xu, director of the internal medicine clinic of Wuhan Children’s Hospital.

  The temperature of the air conditioner can be kept at about 26 degrees Celsius. Put a basin of water indoors to keep the humidity.

  If the child is hot and sweaty, dry the sweat before entering the air-conditioned room.

  Don’t let children go in and out of the air-conditioned room frequently when the air conditioner is turned on.

  Open the window for ventilation every day to keep the indoor air fresh.

  Let children exercise properly in the morning or evening to strengthen their physique and improve their resistance.

  03 sunburn

  These days, Guangzhou, Wuhan and other places have been experiencing continuous high temperatures. Lively children still like to play outdoors, but the scorching sun shines on them. Sunscreen for adults, dare not give it to the baby easily; The child’s skin is very tender and fragile, and it will be red when playing outdoors for a while.How to protect the delicate skin of children, so that young mothers are caught in a dilemma.

  Children’s skin has a weak ability to resist ultraviolet rays, and there are often "small patients" who cause solar dermatitis due to inadequate sun protection. Moreover, if they are exposed to the sun for a long time and frequently, the risk of skin cancer will increase in adulthood. So,Children must choose the right way to protect themselves from the sun.

  Expert advice Fu Guili, director of dermatology department of Wuhan Children’s Hospital

  1. Physical protection is the first choice for children’s sun protection.

  Wear a wide-brimmed sun hat, sunglasses, or a parasol for children, and wear sun protection clothes when going out. These physical sun protection methods are the first choice for children. If you go swimming, you can wear a long-sleeved bathing suit. It is best to go out before 10 am or after 4 pm, and try to choose a cool place.

  Step 2 choose sunscreen for children

  Sunscreen is not recommended for children under 6 months. Children from 6 months to 2 years old are still mainly covered with clothes, and they can also choose physical sunscreen products. It is recommended to use physical sunscreen containing zinc oxide, which is safer. It is suggested that children should not apply sunscreen with an SPF of more than 15, apply it 15 minutes before outdoor activities, and generally repeat it every 2 ~ 3 hours.

  3. Don’t dress too cool.

  In the hot summer, many parents like to dress their children very cool when they go out, such as wearing sleeveless vests and shorts for their children. Some parents also like to follow the fashion, and wear suspenders or strapless dresses for little girls, which will lead to most of the children’s skin being exposed, and it is easy to cause sunburn all over the body.

  4. Summer outdoor activities step by step.

  Children who have not been in the sun for a long time should not be exposed to the sun suddenly, but should be gradual. The ultraviolet rays are strongest from 10 am to 4 pm in summer, so don’t let your children do outdoor activities during this time. Sunbathing 1 ~ 3 times a day for about 10 minutes each time can meet the daily vitamin D requirement.